Our Expertise & Experience

Project Finance and general Commercial and International cross border Transactions:


  • Angola:  Legal representative in South Africa for BAI- ‘Banco Angolano de Investimentos’. Advised BAI as regards the establishment of an office in South Africa and have provided general advice to other Angolan citizens/corporations, notably, as regards their possible collaboration with corporate entities wishing to invest and undertake projects in Angola: 2007-2014;

  • Angola:  Advice to  Banco Africano de Investimentos (‘BAI’), perhaps the largest Angolan bank in Angola in respect of a US$20 million term loan facility involving Investec (Mauritius) and Grinaker LTA and in respect of the establishment of a representative office in South Africa: 2006-2008;

  • Angola/China: Provided Advice to Pan Asian Oasis Inc. and drafted and concluded exclusive distribution agreement between Pan Asian Oasis Inc and Caledonian Mining Corporation.  Further advice provided to Pan Asian Oasis Inc. in respect of certain contracts in Angola: 2003-2005;

  • Central Africa/France:  Advice to the leading French engineering consultancy firm Coyné & Bellier (known since 2009 as Tractebele- Engie (FRANCE) (as part of a consortium advising the African Development Bank) in respect of all regulatory, legal  project finance  and PPP matters in respect of a feasibility study concerning a proposed hydroelectric project spanning Gambia, Senegal, Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau: 2006-2007;

  • China/DRC: Advice to Pan Asian Oasis Inc. in respect of proposed copper related trading transactions in the DRC as well as mining investment opportunities: 2003-2004;

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (‘DRC’): Advice to Regie des Voies Aeriennes SARL (Airlines Transportation Board of the DRC) in respect of commercial transactions and the relevant law pertaining to state owned enterprises: 2018 to date;

  • DRC: advice to NSM Sarl as regards funding for  the acquisition of equipment for an electricity rail upliftment and maintenance project  for  the state owned  Société nationale d’électricité  (SNEL): 2018 to date;

  • DRC: General advice to the Development Bank of Southern Africa as regards investments in the DRC: 20013—20015;

  • DRC: General advice to Nathalex (Pty) Limited and Nathalex SARL  a Congolese corporate and strategic advisory firm as regards the legal aspects of cross-border corporate transactions involving international firms investing into the DRC: 2013- 2015;

  •  DRC/Australia/Mauritius:   Project finance Advice to Ivanhoe Mines Limited. A Canadian publicly listed (Toronto) exploration and mining company, in respect of their activities in the DRC and Gabon including the drafting of an ‘Earn-in’ based JV established in Mauritius with Australian listed mining and exploration company Regal Resources Limited : 2013- 2015;

  • DRC:  Project finance and PPP  advice to the Development Bank of Southern Africa as regards investments in the DRC ,Mozambique, South Africa and elsewhere in Africa:1999 to 2016;

  • England: Advice to RKH, Reinsurance London based reinsurance Brokers, concerning insurance legal issues, notably in Uganda: 2016-todate;

  • England:  Project finance Advice to Lovat Inc. and the Royal Bank of Scotland in connection with documents relating to the design, manufacture and delivery to AMEC Group Ltd. of billion dollar tunnel boring machine for use in the Woolwich to Arsenal extension of the Docklands Light-Railway: 2004;

  • England: Advice to Morgan Grenfell and various local authorities and health authorities as Senior Solicitor with Norton Rose-London (see below) in respect of PPP projects and particularly off balance sheet finance and projects: 1988-1991;

  • England/Gabon: Advice to AegisDefence services ltd.as regards financial transactions in Gabon: 2011-2012;

  • England/Holland/Ghana: Advice to Unity Link Financial Services Limited and Unity Monetary Services BV (both of which companies are regulated by the relevant authorities in England and Holland) as regards financial remittance and the launching of pre-paid cards and related services in Europe, (including the UK), USA, Ghana and elsewhere in Africa and Asia : 2011-2015;

  • Equatorial Guinea: Advice to the Government of Equatorial Guinea in respect of the setting up of a national petroleum company and related regulatory and financial matters: 2001;

  • Ghana/India/UK: Advising UK subsidiary of leading Indian firm ‘Financial Software and Systems Limited (FSS)’  in respect of its relationship with Ghana Interbank Settlement Systems Limited (‘GhIPSS), a subsidiary of the Bank of Ghana (i.e. the central bank of Ghana): 2012-2015;

  • Ghana: International banking, trade finance and derivative commodities trading advice to Ashanti, a leading Ghanaian mining concern and to ABSA (a South Africa bank) in respect of export credit linked trading with the government of Ghana:1998;

  • Lebanon: Middle East Airlines: acted as legal adviser to the International Finance Corporation (‘IFC’) in respect of the drafting of the due diligence report concerning the privatisation of Middle East Airlines: 1999;

  • Madagascar: Air Madagascar:  project finance, PPP and transactional and regulatory privatisation advice to a consortium led by HSBC Equator Bank plc in relation to the sale of the state airline company “Air Madagascar” and to the Government of Madagascar and the Privatisation Unit of the World Bank (responsible for Africa and the Indian Ocean) in respect of the overall privatisation process in Madagascar with particular reference to the differences between legal systems based on the Napoleonic Code and those based on the common law system. Further advice also provided in collaboration with IOS Partners to Malagasy aviation authorities as to regulatory and safety issues: 2001—2003;

  • Madagascar: Provided initial preliminary regulatory and transactional telecommunications advice to TELMA (the Malagasy Telecommunications Authority):2000-2001;

  • Mali/France: Advice to investment bank, Société Générale in respect of the Canadian firm Barrick Gold Mines (200 million United States dollars derivatives commodity hedging transaction) and project finance and regulatory advice in respect of the Sadiola Mining project in Mali: 1994

  • Mozambique: ‘Maputo Port’.  Project Finance Advice provided to the Development Bank of Southern Africa, a member of the lending syndicate of banks, as to legal, and regulatory issues concerning the implementation of a limited recourse project financing structure bearing in mind South African, English and Mozambican legal constraints: 2001;
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  • Mozambique: ‘Pande’ Gas Pipeline Project advice to the Central Energy Fund in South Africa, in respect of the drafting of pipeline agreement and proposed project financing of the Mozambican / South African Pande gas pipeline project:1998-1999;

  • Mozambique: Advice to Fieldstone, US financial advisers, advising the Mozambican government, in respect of legal agreement between the government of Portugal and Mozambique relative to the Cahora Bassa dam development:1999;
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  • Namibia: Project finance and PPP advice to the Namibian Government (Ministry of Mines and Energy) as regards regulatory, legal and project financing issues in feasibility study in respect of proposed billion dollar, Nampower, ‘Kudu’ development gas power project :2001;

  • Nigeria:  Project finance advice to Econet Wireless Nigeria Limited and HSBC in respect of a $200 million dollar financing package in relation to a GSM cellular licence acquisition in Nigeria: 2002;

  • Rwanda: Project finance and PPP advice to relevant municipal authorities as regards regulatory, funding and technical issues related to the possible  construction of a toll road around the capital, Kigali taking into account World Bank ‘HIPC’ (Heavily Indebted Poorer Country) guidelines: 2002;

  • Rwanda: Advice to ‘Rwandatel’ the State telecommunications company in Rwanda in respect of its telecommunication contractual arrangements with MTN: 2003;

  • South Africa: Advice to  Isiphenduko Mining & Exploration (Pty) Limited and Ntuthuko Exploration and Mining (Pty) Limited as regards mine permit and licence applications and general mine exploration and mining advice as well as commodity sale and purchase contracts and  capital raising in respect thereof: 2017 to date;

  • South Africa: Advice to South African Governement:  Human Settlement Department:  September 2018 to date;

  •  South Africa/Mozambique:

  • 1/ Project Finance and PPP advice to Hugh Brown & Associates (Pty) Limited a South African registered company and to Zambezi Synthetic Fuels SA a Mozambican registered companies and the Government of Mozambique in relation to a $15 billion USD waste coal to liquids (diesel) project, and benefiting inter alia from waste coal fines supplied by the Brazilian mining house Vale as well as advice to the Government of Mozambique. The waste coal fines  and mounds of resulting soil and water polluting  waste, represent an  environmental hazard which could be substantially mitigated by the implementation of this project: 2012-to date;

  • 2/ Project finance advice to  Hugh Brown & Associates  and Nacala Power  Lda  in relation to a $ I billion  USD 400 MW gas power project in Nacala in the province of Nampula, Mozambique  (comprising two plants of 200 MW each) sponsored by  Nacala Power Lda : 2012-to date;

  • 3/ Project finance advice to Hugh Brown & Associates in relation to a $ 3 million Ethanol fuel and sugar  project: 2012-2017; and

  •   4/ Project Finance advice to Hugh Brown & Associates in relation to: a $ 100 Million USD Massingir 45 MW  hydro-power project: 2012 to date;

  • South Africa: Semona Oil (Pty) Limited (‘Semona’):  advice in relation to  the Saldanha Bay  port Facility Operator  Agreement(s) ( 20 year ‘Concession’)  and  further advice to Semona concerning related 1 billion rand port expansion  infrastructure project being undertaken by  Saldecho (Pty) Limited of which Semona is the strategic BBBEE shareholder collaborating as joint shareholder with  listed Singaporean  entity   Harps Holding Pte Limited:  2017 June  to date;

  • South Africa/Africa: Advice to members of the Emerging Payment Association- Africa (‘EPA-Africa’) as regards payment issues in Africa: 2017 to date;

  • South Africa/Africa: Advice to BRT Africa Holdings (Pty) Limited and Citizens  Africa Investments Ltd t/a Citizens Finance, Seychelle,South African and Botswana based companies providing , asset ,project and trade  finance to companies throughout Sub-Saharan Africa: 2018 to date;

  • South Africa: Insurance and reinsurance advice to Coniston Capital Partners (Pty) Limited   as regards mine rehabilitation matters: 2017 to date;

  • South Africa: Advice to  Hambrook Films (Pty) Limited on  entertainment law  and  ongoing advice  in matters relating to production and co-production contracts involving film producers : 2014 to date;

  • South Africa/England: Advice to MEARC Management (Pty) Limited, a Lloyds backed, managing general Agency (‘MGA’) and accredited Open market Correspondent (‘OMC’), a financial service provider, as regards insurance underwriting matters and notably in relation to agreements with London based brokers EC3 and reinsurance company Aspen R:. 2016-to date;

  • South Africa/Nigeria:  Project finance and PPP advice to South African state owned energy company ‘Eskom’ regarding the establishment of a corporate structure for investment in Nigeria and regulatory matters concerning proposed investment in the Nigerian electricity market and drafting of documentation in respect thereof:2001-2002;

  • South Africa/Turkey: Advice to the  South African established representative office of the Bau Group( known for  decorative insulation Systems) as regards expansion and capital raising for its development in  South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa: 2018 –to date;

  • South Africa:  Project finance advice to the Development Bank of Southern Africa Limited (“DBSA”) in respect of Financial loan involving DBSA and Rand Merchant Bank as regards an export finance (COFACE) driven 74 million rand industrial water treatment, limited recourse, project financing in Durban, South Africa (sponsored by Ominium de Traitement et de Valorisation (“OTV”); a subsidiary of the French industrial concern Vivendi): 1999- 2000;

  • South Africa: Project finance advice to the DBSA, Investec and ABSA Corporate Bank in respect of a 600 million rand consumer water utility supply project in Nelspruit, South Africa (sponsored by the English industrial concern, Biwater plc):1999;

  • South Africa: Advice to Coniston Capital Partners (Pty) Limited in the general area of insurance and notably mine liability rehabilitation insurance: 2015 to date;

  • South Africa/DRC: Advice to Bunengi Holdings (Pty) Limited. A South African mining exploration company, in respect of proposed JV and drafting the same with Société Minière de Kilo- Moto SARL in relation to the Kibali gold mining exploration transaction in the DRC: 2013;

  • South Africa:  Mining Advice to Ntuthuko Exploration & Mining  (Pty) Limited and Isiphenduko Mining & Exploration (Pty) Limited; 2016 to date;

  • South Africa/Germany: Geotec, Advice provided to company comprised of  German geologists, operating in the areas of  , solar/wind/bio-diesel/ coal to liquids technology, renewable energy and advisory:2010-2011;

  • South Africa/Canada: South African Regulatory mining advice provided to Peter Hooper (Executive Chairman) and Canadian Investors regarding rules and regulations  relating to prospecting and mining permits in South Africa as well as submitting applications to the DMR and dealing with related Black Economic Empowerment regulations and associated matter; 2003- 2005;

  • South Africa: Capital markets advice to the DBSA as issuing bank in respect of a 1 billion rand fixed rate bond issue lead managed (out of London) by JP Morgan and Standard Corporate and Merchant Bank:1998-1999;

  • South Africa/ England:  Advice to Exchange 4 Free: International Remittance Company registered in England, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand and approved by the South African Reserve Bank:2011 -2015;

  • South Africa/ Tanzania: Advice to South African, Durban based  engineering and manufacturing company ‘Elgin Engineering Group’ as regards  a joint venture with company established by the Government  of Tanzania: 2011-2013;

  • South Africa/Hong Kong:  Advice to Transact 24 (Pty) Limited, the South African subsidiary of Chinese company (Hong Kong)Transact 24 Limited and advice to Transact 24 Limited as regards their financial services operations in South Africa in the areas of Mobile wallets and pre-paid cards:2011-2013;

  • South Africa/ Tanzania:  Provided advice to the South African Elgin Engineering Group in relation to the establishment of a joint venture company with a company owned by the government of Tanzania: 2012;

  • South Africa/Zambia: Successfully advising Ox- Drilling Limited, a leading mine drilling company in regards to arbitration proceedings with Jindal Mining relating to a mining dispute arising in Zambia with the arbitration taking place in South Africa before the Arbitration Foundation of Southern Africa, sitting in Sandton, Johannesburg:2012-2014;

  • Switzerland: Appointed to the panel of lawyers advising Geneva Wealth Capital Management’:2014 to date;

  • Tanzania: Air Tanzania: Provided advice to HSBC Consortium  bidding in respect  proposal  relating to the privatisation of Air Tanzania and co-ordinator as regards the request by the Tanzanian Government for legal advisers in respect of the proposed privatisation of Air Tanzania: 1999;

  • Turkey/South Africa: Provided initial preliminary regulatory advice to Sumo Coal – Turkish mining and coal trading company with extensive coal mining interests in South Africa and elsewhere in Africa. 2009;

  •  Uganda: Project finance and PPP advice to Fieldstone (Africa) Pty Limited and the Ugandan Government and the World Bank as to all regulatory, legal and project finance matters in respect of the privatisation of the Ugandan Electricity Board into three separate entities concerned with generation, transportation and distribution of electricity: 2003-2004;

  • USA/Africa : Product liability advice given in collaboration with  large global USA based legal firm, Greenberg Traurig, to OPW engineering systems, regarding the successful recall  and replacement of a  petroleum fuel hose  product from 11 countries in Africa, including South Africa: 2017- to date;

  • USA/South Africa Advice to DBI Broadband USA LLC (Tampa, Florida) regarding telecommunications licence applications in South Africa and proposed nation-wide roll-out of broadband telecommunications infrastructure network:2002-2004; and
  • Zambia Advice to His Excellency Kenneth Kaunda First President of the Republic of Zambia in relation to a potential mining transaction in Angola: 2003-2005.
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    Further General Corporate, Project Finance and Privatisation Experience:



    • Natural gas, oil and commodities: Advice to Elf, Société Générale Energie S.A. and others in respect of commodity related margin contracts and contracts for differences generally, notably in the areas of precious metals and UK (“Network Code”) downstream natural gas sale and purchase contracts.1993-1996


    • Municipal authorities:
      Project finance, derivative products and regulatory advice to financial institutions on the most efficient way of assisting public authorities and municipalities in meeting their obligations within the context of annual financial targets, taking into account budgetary, financial, legislative and regulatory constraints.1987-1992;


    • Project finance/privatisation, energy, utilities:
      Advising banks, industrial entities and public authorities on matters relating to the financing of  energy (hydro, thermal and solar power) and infrastructure projects such as schools, roads, airports and telecommunications:1988-to date;


    • Utilities: Corporate restructuring and European law public procurement advice to various public authorities and water utility companies:1988-1992;


    • Capital Markets: Advice to banks (such as NatWest Securities Limited, Société Générale S.A. and the Development Bank of Southern Africa) in the areas of bond issues, warrant programs, custodianship arrangements and emerging market securities sale and purchase contracts as well as  structured finance and fiscal advice to venture capital entities:1993-1997.





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